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Article: Healthy nutrition during pregnancy

Gesunde Ernährung in der Schwangerschaft

Healthy nutrition during pregnancy

Healthy nutrition during pregnancy

A balanced and healthy diet plays a crucial role in the health of the expectant mother and the development of the unborn child. In this article, we will look at important aspects of healthy eating during pregnancy and provide tips on how expectant mothers can make their diet balanced.

The importance of a balanced diet

During pregnancy, the body needs additional nutrients to support the growth and development of the fetus. A balanced diet provides the necessary nutrients such as,
- Folic acid
- Iron
- Calcium
- Omega-3 fatty acids
- Protein

which are essential for a healthy pregnancy. Fresh fruits and vegetables, whole grains, lean protein and healthy fats should make up a large part of your daily diet.

Important nutrients during pregnancy

Folic acid: A deficiency in folic acid can increase the risk of neural tube defects in the baby. Neural tube defects are congenital malformations that occur during embryonic development. Therefore, it is recommended to start taking folic acid before pregnancy and continue doing so throughout the pregnancy.

Iron: Iron deficiency is common during pregnancy and can lead to anemia (lack of red blood cells). Iron-rich foods such as lean meat, legumes and dark green leafy vegetables should be consumed regularly to meet the requirement.

Calcium: Calcium is important for the development of bones and teeth in babies. Dairy products, green leafy vegetables and fortified foods are good sources of calcium.

Omega-3 fatty acids: Omega-3 fatty acids, especially DHA, are important for the development of the baby's brain and eyes. Fatty fish such as salmon, mackerel and sardines are excellent sources of omega-3 fatty acids.

Food during pregnancy

Expectant mothers should avoid certain foods and substances during pregnancy that may be harmful. These include raw or undercooked meat, fish with high mercury levels, raw dairy products, raw eggs, and alcohol and excessive caffeine consumption. These substances can increase the risk of infections, miscarriages, or developmental problems in the baby.

Fresh fruits and vegetables: These provide important vitamins, minerals and fiber. A variety of fruits and vegetables should be eaten daily to ensure a variety of nutrients.

Whole grain products: Whole grain bread, pasta, rice and cereals provide fiber, vitamins and minerals. They also help keep blood sugar levels stable and promote satiety.

Lean protein: This includes lean meats (such as chicken, turkey and beef), fish, eggs, legumes (such as beans, lentils and chickpeas) and tofu. These foods provide high-quality protein, which is important for the baby's growth and development.

A healthy lifestyle

In addition to a balanced diet, a healthy lifestyle is also crucial during pregnancy. This includes sufficient exercise, regular doctor visits, sufficient sleep and stress management. These measures help to improve well-being and promote the healthy development of the baby.

Conclusion: Healthy nutrition during pregnancy

A healthy diet during pregnancy is vital for the health and well-being of the expectant mother and her baby. Eating a balanced diet rich in key nutrients can minimize potential risks and increase the chances of a smooth pregnancy and a healthy birth. It is important to eat a variety of foods and avoid harmful substances to achieve the best possible outcomes for both mother and baby.

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